Japanese: Grammar/Vocab/Kanji (3)

And we’re back! This is a third idea. The main thing is the Kanji table (forgive the bad resolution; I can make it as a PNG if we decide to go for the table). The Grammar section also offers no real linguistic explanation besides saying what part of speech it actually is, which I’m not keen on myself, but if you all like it I can live with it.

Let me know what you think at the end of the week!

Grammar

  1. もう (mou): adverb | “already/anymore” | “mou V[past]” – “Already V-ed”| “mou V[neg] – “Does not V anymore”
  2. (na): imperative negative suffix | “do not” | “V[present affirmative]na” – “Do not V.”
  3. ないでください (naide kudasai): verbal expression | “please do not” | “V[present negative]de kudasai – “Please do not V.”
  4. なる (naru): verb | “to become” | “N ni naru” – “to become N” | “Vi[stem]ku naru” – “to become Vi”
  5. (ni): dative particle | “at, for, by” | the dative case marks a location intrinsic to the action or indirect object (mainly).
  6. (he): /locative particle | indicates a destination. NOTE: the dative particle can carry out this same function. NOTE: Pronounced /e/
  7. に行く (ni iku): verbal expression | “to go in order to” | “V[stem] ni iku” – “to go in order to V”
  8. にする (ni suru): verbal expression | “to decide on” | “N ni suru” – “to decide on N”
  9. のがじょうず (no ga jouzu): noun expression | “is skilled at” | “V no ga jouzu” – “is skilled at V-ing.”
  10. のがすき (no ga suki): noun expression | “likes” | “V no ga suki” | “likes Ving”

Vocabulary

  1. 文学  (ぶんがく・bungaku)— (noun) Literature
  2. 歴史 (れきし・rekishi) — (noun) History
  3. 仕事 (しごと・shigoto) — (noun) job; occupation
  4. 医者 (いしゃ・isha) — (noun) medical doctor
  5. 会社員 (かいしゃいん・kaishain) — (noun) office worker
  6. 高校生 (こうこうせい・koukousei) — (noun) high school student
  7. 主婦 (しゅふ・shufu) — (noun) housewife
  8. 大学院生 (だいがくいんせい・daigakuinsei) — (noun) graduate student
  9. 弁護士 (べんごし・bengoshi) — (noun) lawyer
  10. お母さん (おかあさん・okaasan) — (noun) mother
  11. お父さん (おとおさん・otoosan) — (noun) father
  12. お姉さん (おねえさん・oneesan) — (noun) older sister
  13. お兄さん (おにいさん・oniisan) — (noun) older brother
  14. 妹 (いもうと・imouto) — (noun) younger sister
  15. 弟 (おとうと・otouto) — (noun) younger brother
  16. これ (kore) — (pronoun) this (thing)
  17. それ (sore) — (pronoun) that (thing) [close to the addressee]
  18. あれ (are) — (pronoun) that (thing) [close to neither speaker or addressee]
  19. どれ (dore) — (pronoun) what? (thing)
  20. この (kono)  — (adjective) this

Kanji

日、年、早、木、林、山、川、土、空、田