Grammar/Vocab/Kanji (4)

We’ve been MIA for a while! So sorry about that! We still have two models to go through before we decide on which one to go with. Without further ado…


1. のがへた (no ga heta)

Parsing: [Verb Phrase] [no (substantivizer)] [ga (nominative particle)][heta (noun-unskillful)]

Meaning: (Someone) is unskillful/bad at [Verb Phrase]


2. すぎる (sugiru)

Parsing: [Verb stem] [sugiru (verbal suffix- too much)]

Meaning: to [verb] too much OR to exceed in [verb]-ing


3. たい (tai)

Parsing: [Verb stem] [tai (desiderative verbal suffix)]

Meaning: to want to [verb]

Note: -tai as such is normally used for personal desires.


4. たことがある (ta koto ga aru)

Parsing: [Verb-past] [koto (noun-thing/experience)] [ga (nominative particle)] [aru (copula verb – to be/to have)]

Meaning: to have the experience of [verb]-ing


5. ている (te iru)

Parsing: [Verb- Te form (gerund)] [iru (copula verb- to be/to have]

Meaning: Periphrastic progressive aspect: to be [verb]-ing


6. てもいい (te mo ii)

Parsing: [Verb- Te form (gerund)] [mo (secondary particle-too)] [ii (adjectival verb- good]

Meaning: It is okay to [verb]


7. てから (te kara)

Parsing: [Verb- Te form (gerund)] [kara (post-position – after)]

Meaning: After [verb]-ing


8. てはいけない (te wa ikenai)

Parsing: [Verb- Te form (gerund)] [wa (topical particle] [ikenai – (verb-potential negative – to not be able to proceed]

Meaning: One must [verb]


9.  (to)

Parsing: [Noun] [to (parallel conjunction] [Noun-2]

Meaning: [Noun] and [Noun-2]


10. つもりだ (tsumori da):

Parsing: [Verb Phrase] [tsumori (dependent noun – intention)] [da (copula verb – to be]

Meaning: One intends to [Verb Phrase]


1. その — (adjective) that (close to the addressee)

2. あの — (adjective) that (close to neither the speaker nor the addressee)

3. どの — (adjective) which?

4. あそこ — (pronoun) over there

5. どこ — (pronoun) where?

6. 誰(だれ)— (pronoun) who?

7. 美味しい(おいしい) — (adjectival verb) delicious

8. 魚(さかな) — (noun) fish

9. 豚カツ(とんかつ) — (noun) Pork cutlet

10. 肉(にく) — (noun) meat

11. メニュー — (noun) menu

12. 野菜(やさい) — (noun) vegetable

13. 鉛筆(えんぴつ) — (noun) pencil

14. 傘(かさ) — (noun) umbrella

15. 鞄(かばん) — (noun) bag

16. 靴(くつ) — (noun) shoes

17. 財布(さいふ) — (noun) wallet; handbag

18. ジーンズ — (noun) jeans

19. 辞書(じしょ) — (noun) dictionary

20. 自転車(じてんしゃ) — (noun) bicycle


1. 天

Meaning: Heaven
Chinese Reading: テン
Japanese Reading: あめ・あま

2. 生

Meaning: Life
Chinese Reading: セイ・ショウ
Japanese Reading: い(きる)・う(む)・なま

3. 花

Meaning: Flower
Chinese Reading: カ
Japanese Reading: はな

4. 草

Meaning: Grass
Chinese Reading: ソウ
Japanese Reading: くさ

5. 虫

Meaning: Insect
Chinese Reading: チュウ
Japanese Reading: むし

6. 犬

Meaning: Dog
Chinese Reading: ケン
Japanese Reading: いぬ

7. 人

Meaning: Person
Chinese Reading: ジン・ニン
Japanese Reading: ひと

8. 名

Meaning: Name
Chinese Reading: メイ・ミョウ
Japanese Reading: な

9. 女

Meaning: Female
Chinese Reading: ジョ・ニョ
Japanese Reading: おんな

10. 男

Meaning: Male
Chinese Reading: ダン・ナン
Japanese Reading: おとこ